Protestant Movement was Fragmented over Personalities and Doctrines.
It is only fair to give Catholicism a break (albeit four times the history of Protestantism) and travel through the future to the early 16th century—to the birth of Protestantism. One would think that throwing the shackles of Catholic tyranny and starting afresh would be like the rebirth of a phoenix rising from the ashes, and creating a new and bloodless united religion in 1521. For centuries after it was as bloody as the Holy Crusades with Protestant and Catholic at wars. In this case, millions of innocent lives lost over a religious split. If the past popes had been bloody, the new Protestant hierarchy was just as bloody if not worse. They were anti-Semitic bigots and homicidal maniacs and hostile to each other! One would think it would have been a united front against Catholicism—what we have—lapsed Catholics, disagreement, strife, and murder.
Five hundred years later, we see not a united Protestant church, but, tens of thousands of so-called Protestant denominations vying for Tax Free status.
Protestant figureheads, such as Martin Luther (1483-1546); Ulrich Zwingli (1484-1531 and John Calvin (1509-1564). With no two early leaders accepting each other doctrines.
Martin Luther, probably the number one bigot and anti-Semitic of all time. That said, modern Protestant Christians showed great reverence for Martin Luther. Claiming he saved them from Catholicism and popery, on the 31st October 2017, they celebrated the 500th anniversary of Luther nailing his 95 theses to the Wittenberg Church doors. However, over time, most Protestants have forgotten that Luther, although he was devoted to his wife and children. He was not the pious loving, caring man that the majority of Protestants believe him to be. Far from it! His anti-Semitic works played a big part four centuries later with the “Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei” in English: the National Socialist German Worker’s Party aka the infamous Nazi Party of WWII.
In 1946, Julius Streicher was on trial for his life. He had published the anti-Semitic newspaper Der Stürmer and had been captured at the end of World War II. The Allies put him on trial alongside 23 other prominent Nazis at the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. http://alphahistory.com/holocaust/julius-streicher-evidence-nuremberg-1946/Also Nuremberg Trial Proceedings Vol. 12
In his defence, Streicher mentioned the book “The Jews and Their Lies,” which was written by Martin Luther in 1543, three years before his death. Which was closely followed by another anti-Semitic treatise: Vom Schem Hamphoras (On the Ineffable Name). Streicher claimed in court that Luther’s and other anti-Semitic propaganda had existed in Germany for centuries. Four hundred years after Luther published his book Julius Streicher was found guilty of crimes against humanity and sentenced to death on 1st October 1946. Streicher was a propagandist who devoted his life to spreading slander and falsehood. However, on this occasion—he was telling the truth.
Ulrich Zwingli, The Swiss pastor, once praised Luther as “that one Hercules . . . who slew the Roman boar” and said, “Here indeed you were the only faithful David anointed hereto by the Lord and furnished likewise with arms.” Luther, in contrast, never held Zwingli in such high regard. Luther considered Zwingli to be “of the Devil” and nothing but a “wormy nut.” Zwingli and Luther meet in Marburg in 1529, in what came to be called the Marburg Colloquy [a gathering for discussing theological questions]. Unfortunately, the two reformers were at direct odds over what happened during the Lord’s Supper. Luther reportedly refused to shake Zwingli’s hand at the end of the meetings.
Zwingli’s death has been seen as murder by some scholar perpetrated by the Catholic Switz canton soldiers at the end of the 2nd Battle of Kappel, Switzerland in 1531, which ended with a Catholic victory. Zwingli had joined the Zurich Protestant troops as a chaplain. After the battle, his body was found quartered, burned, and defiled with dung.
John Calvin, a killer who believes that he had God on his side, and anyone who didn’t agree with his punishment of heretic would suffer the same punishment. Calvin used Protestant principles to establish a religious government; and in 1555, he was given absolute supremacy as leader of Geneva.https://www.biography.com/religious-figure/john-calvin He misused this power to rid himself of enemies and competitors in the name of his God.
“Whoever shall now contend that it is unjust to put heretics and blasphemers to death will knowingly and willingly incur their very guilt.” —John Calvin
In 1561, Calvin wrote a letter to Marcus Paet, chamberlain to the king of Navarre, in which Calvin said: “Honour, glory, and riches shall be the reward of your pains; but above all, do not fail to rid the country of those scoundrels, who stir up the people to revolt against us. Such monsters should be exterminated, as I have exterminated Michael Servetus the Spaniard.” Standford Rives’ book “Did Calvin Murder Servetus?” page 292. New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. X, p.371
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