Arguments against the existence of God!

Arguments against the existence of God!

The major philosophical criticisms of God as viewed by Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are as follows:

1. Evil:

Because evil exists, God cannot be all-powerful, all-knowing, and loving and good at the same time.

2. Pain:

Because God allows pain, disease and natural disasters to exist, he cannot be all-powerful and also loving and good in the human sense of these words.

3. Injustice:

Destinies are not allocated on the basis of merit or equality. They are allocated either arbitrarily, or on the principle of “to him who has, shall be given, and from him who has not shall be taken even that which he has.” It follows that God cannot be all-powerful and all-knowing and also just in the human sense of the word.

4. Multiplicity:

Since the Gods of various religions differ widely in their characteristics, only one of these religions, or none, can be right about God.

5. Simplicity:

Since God is invisible, and the universe is no different from if he did not exist, it is simpler to assume he does not exist (see Occam’s Razor).

None of these criticisms apply to the God of pantheism, which is identical with the universe and nature.

Occam’s Razor

One should not increase, beyond what is necessary, the number of entities required to explain anything.

Occam’s razor is a logical principle attributed to the mediaeval philosopher William of Occam (or Ockham). The principle states that one should not make more assumptions than the minimum needed. This principle is often called the principle of parsimony. It underlies all scientific modelling and theory building. It admonishes us to choose from a set of otherwise equivalent models of a given phenomenon the simplest one. In any given model, Occam’s razor helps us to “shave off” those concepts, variables, or constructs that are not really needed to explain the phenomenon. By doing that, developing the model will become much easier, and there is less chance of introducing inconsistencies, ambiguities, and redundancies.

What do you say?

R&I – TP

Jero Jones

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